Essay on evil and suffering

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So if the blame does not fall on man, who can we hold accountable for such occurrences? Would it be safe and logical to say that God, being the Creator of all things nature in particular , is to blame? This response would probably be the safe way out, but again it does not necessarily pose a solution to the problem of natural evils. Not everyone hold the same beliefs or interpretations of Adam, Eve, and the forbidding fruit scenario.

And at this rate of thinking, his argument would only hold strong for the theist himself.

Does God Exist: Evil and Suffering

On another note, I believe that it is reasonable to say that it is better that the world contain beings with significant freedom than that it contains only automata. God is justified in permitting evil and suffering in terms of promoting character development; it seems that His goal would be to bring man to a point spiritual well-being and maturity. It is deemed necessary that man go through struggles in order to gain strength, a means of soul promoting, or to be conscious of certain emotions.

Without being aware of the one, chances are you would not know how to distinguish between the two. In this case, in order for a person to possess happiness or feel sorrow, they must have been faced with a situation that evokes such feelings or emotions. In addition to this thought, a world without evil may not be a feasible world for those who possess free will.

Everyone would always freely choose to do good acts because God would constitute everyone to do so.

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But if no one can choose otherwise, then no ability to choose really exists. Therefore, free will does not exist. Firstly, it is written in the Book of Genesis that God created man in His image. Earlier in the paper, it was established that God, particularly the Christian God, is all-knowing, all-powerful, and all good.

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I take this as saying that God acts as an accomplice to evil because He knows what will happen before the action is done, and yet he does nothing to get involved. He is also all good meaning He cannot sin nor do evil. Taking this into deliberation, man being created in His image has the ability to do wrong and create evil. Secondly, God granted free will, but has no means of intervening or preventing the consequences; if this was false, then evil would not exist. Does this inability take away from His omnipotence? In a sense, I think of it as a limitation on his power because He created something that He has no control over or at least it seems that He does not.

Thirdly, it is argued that God cannot actualize a world with free will and no presence of evil. If this is true, then what do you consider heaven? I am sure that there is free will and absolutely no evil and suffering. Why could not have God create the physical world in which we live as such? In conclusion, the problem of evil exists because man believes in an omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent creator.

The Problem of Evil

Many philosophers, such as Mackie, argue that if one abolishes God himself, or at least some of His attributes, then evil needs no explanation. In response, some philosophers offer justifications for God permitting evil.

I have given reason to both accept and reject the notion that it can be logically established that the existence of both evil and God are not incompatible. More so, there is a possibility that such knowledge is beyond our means of reasoning at present. Cain, James.

The Problem of Evil Essay examples

Gale, Richard M. Gillett, Grant. Hume, David. Philosophy of Religion: An Anthology. Belmont: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, Mackie, J. Plantinga, Alvin. Schellenberg, J. If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays website then please:. Job is a man whom has done no wrong, has a great family, and a strong belief in God. According to the Bible, God puts the fate of Job's in Satan's hands. Satan reaps everything from Job except for his life.

Job never questioned the existence of God or His almighty power, but Job did question God's silence throughout his turmoil. When God finally answered, Job was rewarded for not loosing faith and "…spoken of Me what is right" Job Job suffered a great deal and still did not loose his faith in God, and in the end God gave Job "twice" what he had before. Job passed God's test of suffering. In Wiesel's Night we see a different situation.

Wiesel, like Job, had strong convictions about his faith. During the course of the book we see Wiesel's faith weaken with the increasing suffering of the Holocaust.

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    As a perfectly good God, he also feels your pain. The problem is that he can't do anything about it because he's not omnipotent. Denying the truth of either 1 , 2 , 3 or 4 is certainly one way for the theist to escape from the logical problem of evil, but it would not be a very palatable option to many theists.

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    In the remainder of this essay, we will examine some theistic responses to the logical problem of evil that do not require the abandonment of any central tenet of theism. Theists who want to rebut the logical problem of evil need to find a way to show that 1 through 4 —perhaps despite initial appearances—are consistent after all. We said above that a set of statements is logically inconsistent if and only if that set includes a direct contradiction or a direct contradiction can be deduced from that set.

    That means that a set of statements is logically consistent if and only if that set does not include a direct contradiction and a direct contradiction cannot be deduced from that set. In other words,. Notice that 15 does not say that consistent statements must actually be true at the same time. They may all be false or some may be true and others false.

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    Consistency only requires that it be possible for all of the statements to be true even if that possibility is never actualized. It does not require the joint of a consistent set of statements to be plausible. It may be exceedingly unlikely or improbable that a certain set of statements should all be true at the same time.

    But improbability is not the same thing as impossibility. As long as there is nothing contradictory about their conjunction, it will be possible even if unlikely for them all to be true at the same time. This brief discussion allows us to see that the atheological claim that statements 1 through 4 are logically inconsistent is a rather strong one. The atheologian is maintaining that statements 1 through 4 couldn't possibly all be true at the same time. The logical problem of evil claims that God's omnipotence, omniscience and supreme goodness would completely rule out the possibility of evil and that the existence of evil would do the same for the existence of a supreme being.

    How might a theist go about demonstrating that 16 is false? Some theists suggest that perhaps God has a good reason for allowing the evil and suffering that he does. Not just any old reason can justify God's allowing all of the evil and suffering we see.